HEBRIDES, or Western Islands, a series of islands in the Atlantic Ocean, about 300 in number, of which 86 are inhabited; lying at various distances from the western coast of the Highlands; and chiefly pertaining to the counties of Argyll, Inverness, and Ross. Of the early history of these islands but very little is known; they appear to have been anciently under the jurisdiction of petty chieftains, sometimes independent, and at others tributary to the kings of Norway. About the 12th century, these chieftains began to meditate inroads on the main land: in 1153, Somerled invaded Scotland, and made an attempt to dethrone Malcolm IV., in which he was defeated by the Earl of Angus; and on a subsequent occasion he was slain in a battle near Renfrew. After the death of Magnus, son of Olave, the last of the independent chieftains, the sovereignty of the isles was ceded to Alexander III., by treaty signed at Perth in 1266; but, notwithstanding that treaty, the descendants of the old chieftains assumed the title of lords of the isles, and exercised a jurisdiction irrespective of the crown. Of these, John, lord of Cantyre, married a daughter of Robert II.; and from this alliance, his family derived a great accession of power and influence, Donald, his son, at the head of 10,000 men, ravaged the county of Ross, but was eventually defeated, in 1411. James I. waged incessant war against these turbulent chiefs, many of whom he took prisoners, and hanged; and Donald, lord of the isles, was put to death in Ireland; but it was not till the reign of James V. that the lords were brought into complete subjection to the Scottish crown. Of these various isles, of which the principal are separately described, that of Lewis, with its adjacent islands, chiefly belongs to the county of Ross; Barra, Eig, North Uist, South Uist, Skye, and smaller isles, to the county of Inverness; and Canna, Muck, Rum, Gigha and Cara, Colonsay and Oronsay, Tiree and Coll, Mull, Jura, and Islay, with the circumjacent isles, to the county of Argyll.

A Topographical dictionary of Scotland. . 1856.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hebrides — Hébrides Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hébrides (homonymie). Hébrides Carte des Hébrides intérieures (en rouge) et extérieures (en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hebrides — [heb′rə dēz΄] group of islands off the W coast of Scotland: they are divided into the Inner Hebrides, nearer the mainland, & the Outer Hebrides: c. 2,800 sq mi (7,252 sq km); pop. c. 80,000 Hebridean [heb′rədē′ən] adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Hébrides — (îles) ou Western Islands archipel de Grande Bretagne, formé d env. 500 îles (Lewis, Skye, etc.) ou îlots, proche de la côte N. O. de l écosse; 2 898 km²; 31 600 hab …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • HEBRIDES — insulae Albionis, orae Scotiae occiduae adiacentes. Primae Evangelii luce collustratae, Tertullian. Morer. Vide Ebuda …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Hebrides — originally Ebudae, Haebudes, of uncertain origin. Apparently a scribal error turned u into ri . The Norse name, Suðregar, Southern Islands, is relative to the Orkneys. Related: Hebridean …   Etymology dictionary

  • Hébrides — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hébrides (homonymie). Hébrides Na h Innse Gall (gd) Hebrides (en) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hebrides — The Hebrides (PronEng|ˈhɛbrɨˌdiːz HEB ri deez , Gaelic: Innse Gall ) comprise a widespread and diverse archipelago off the west coast of Scotland. There are two main groups, the Inner and Outer Hebrides. These islands have a long history of… …   Wikipedia

  • Hebrides — Hebridean, Hebridian, adj. /heb ri deez /, n. (used with a pl. v.) a group of islands (Inner Hebrides and Outer Hebrides) off the W coast of and belonging to Scotland. 29,615; ab. 2900 sq. mi. (7500 sq. km). Also called Western Islands. * * * or… …   Universalium

  • Hebrides — Heb|ri|des the Hebrides a group of islands off the west coast of Scotland, consisting of the ↑Inner Hebrides and ↑Outer Hebrides >Hebridean adj …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Hebrides — geographical name islands W Scotland in the Atlantic, divided by Little Minch into Inner Hebrides (near the mainland) & Outer Hebrides (to NW) area 2900 square miles (7540 square kilometers), population 30,660 see Lewis with Harris, Western Isles …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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